Top 10 Heat Pump
- Tan plastic construction
- Features 8 programmable speed settings and built-in timer
- Pentair Model: 340210
- Standard 1.5 inch ports allow for easy above ground installation
- This high performance pump is quiet, efficient and self priming
- Pump components are fiberglass-reinforced for superior strength and durability
- Lawn & Patio
- Powerful 115/230V 1.5 HP self-priming pump delivers up to 3,450 rotations per minute
- High-performance motor with airflow ventilation for quieter noise and smoother run time
- Hayward Horizontal Heat Fan Pump
- 50,000 BTU heating capacity
- SuperFlo 1-1/2-horsepower pool pump; UL/CUL/NSF certified
- The pump features thick walled body parts, a heavy duty, high service factor 56 square flange motor
What to Know Before You Buy
New heat pumps work efficiently in many parts of the country, but especially in places without wide temperature swings and moderate heating and cooling needs. But if you live in an area with extremely cold temperatures, below 10 degrees F to 25 degrees F depending on system size, you will need an auxiliary heating system.
The cooling efficiency for air-source and ductless-split systems is measured by SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio). The federal minimum standard is 13 SEER for new units for homes in the Northeast, Midwest, the Mountain States and Pacific Northwest; for the rest of the country, the minimum is 14 SEER.
The heating efficiency of air-source and ductless-splits systems is measured by HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor). The minimum federal HSPF rating for all units is 7.7.
In warmer climates, a higher SEER is more important, but in colder climates, a higher HSPF is better. According to the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, you should consider buying a heat pump that is at least 15 SEER and 8.5 HSPF. The most-efficient Energy Star-rated heat pumps are 18 to 27.5 SEER and 8.5 to 12.5 HSPF.
Size is also important. If a heat pump is undersized or oversized, it won’t heat or cool effectively and will increase your energy bills. And your home may not feel comfortable. A unit that’s too big will cost more upfront and will cycle on and off too many times, shortening its life.
Work with a heating and cooling professional, who should use an Air Conditioning Contractors of America (ACCA) Manual J calculation to determine the right size. The calculation takes into consideration your home’s foundation, wall thicknesses, insulation values, windows, air filtration and more.
Tax Credits and Rebates
If you installed an Energy Star-certified geothermal heat pump by Dec. 31, 2016, you are eligible for a 30-percent federal tax credit on the purchase. Check the websites of the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Energy for more details.
Likewise, some states and utilities offer credits and rebates on geothermal systems, and smaller federal credits and utility rebates are available for other heat pumps, too. Visit the federally funded NC Clean Energy Technology Center’s website for a state-by-state list of available incentives.
Don’t buy a new heat pump until you make the rest of your home is as energy efficient as possible, because that will allow you to buy a smaller, less expensive system.
A heat pump won’t work as well, or provide as much annual energy savings as it should, unless the rest of your home is efficient, too. So, before you buy a heat pump, consider:
• Adding insulation to your attic and walls.
• Adding weather stripping around doors and caulk around windows.
• Properly sealing the ductwork throughout your home.
• Properly insulating the ducts in crawlspaces and attics.
• Installing and setting programmable thermostats to automatically lower the temperature at night in the cooler months and raise it in the warmer months, and adjust the temperature while you are away. Programmable thermostats can save you 10 percent annually on your energy bills.
Fans and compressors can be noisy, so select an air-source heat pump with a sound rating of 7.6 bels or lower. Also, locate the outdoor unit away from windows and consider positioning it on a noise-absorbing base. In addition, protect the outdoor unit from high winds, which can cause defrosting problems. Placing a shrub or a fence upwind of the coils will help.
Frost accumulation on the heat pump’s outdoor unit can impede energy efficiency and compromise indoor comfort. So, select a model with demand-defrost control. This feature will minimize defrost cycles, making your system more energy and cost efficient.
Reverse Cycle Chiller
A heat pump with a reverse cycle chiller allows you to pair it with a wide variety of heating and cooling distribution systems, and it can help make your home more comfortable. The technology can also lower your winter electric bills and is especially economical in all-electric homes.