We believe that the best way to fight the enemy, however small, is to know him well … with the following information you will have more weapons to deal with them.
Although we have the unpolluted house, these jumping insects sneak into our homes without asking permission and in a thousand ways. It will cost us to exterminate them and control the plague, but with some patience and the right arsenal, we will keep them away from our surroundings.
- The Siphonaptera, from the Greek siphon (tube) and aptera (without wings), are external parasites, which feed on the blood of mammals, which they easily reach, thanks to the resources they have to make championship jumps. There are about 1900 species cataloged.
- They are truly annoying and their saliva produces allergic reactions in some of their guests. Its sting causes inflammation and itching.
- On the one hand, we have the common flea or Pulex irritans; on the other, that of the dog, or Ctenocephalides canis; that of the cat is known as Ctenocephalides felis. Be careful, because they can be intermediate or single-handed guests and parasitize even people.
Much less common than fleas, tick infestation in homes also exists and must be treated quickly and efficiently to prevent disease transmission.
- Ticks, or Ixodoids, are a superfamily of mites and larger ones.
- As hematophagous ectoparasites, they feed on blood and are vectors (transport and transmit a pathogen to another living organism) of infectious diseases.
- While most of their bites are harmless, some can spread Lyme disease, caused by the Borrelia burgdorferi bacteria, and cause arthritis, heart, and nervous system disorders. The period of greatest danger of the disease is between late spring and early summer.
Fighting fleas and ticks
When you discover a flea or tick at home, think that your cute kitty or your faithful dog will be the poor full of these intruders.
To kill fleas and ticks and prevent regrowth of the infestation, you must treat your animals locally; clean and wash all appliances and disinfect the house inside and out. Below we explain it step by step:
- Bathe your dog or cat: Use a specific shampoo to eliminate fleas and ticks; Remember to follow the instructions in the leaflet as to how to apply it.
- Remove the ticks: It must be done very carefully, as we explained in our post “Ticks in dogs and cats. ” You will need tweezers, gloves and some skill. It is essential that the tick comes out whole and there are no remains embedded in the animal’s skin. If you do not see yourself able to do so, tell your veterinarian.
- Wash clothes and appliances: Set the washing machine to maximum temperature and vigorous mode for towels, sheets, blankets, stuffed animals, etc. Finish the process with the dryer, so that we ensure the elimination of insects and larvae that may have lagged behind. In the sink, give a good review of dishes, drinking troughs and any object likely to be contaminated by parasites and larvae.
- Vacuum every corner: Not forgetting the sofa, mattresses, grooves, door frames, and any place where fleas, ticks, and other parasites can be introduced. In the end, throw the vacuum bags that are likely to be plagued with insects and larvae.
- Apply insecticide around the house: Choose one, spray, for example, that is specific to eliminate fleas and ticks; cast it when there is no one and protect yourself from the toxicity of the components with appropriate gloves, mask, and glasses. It especially affects the places where pets tend to be. Do not forget to spray the product by carpets, curtains, furniture, windows, cushions, rugs, your dog or cat’s bed, baseboards, and all the cracks you find.
In general, flea collars get a thumbs down from experts as being both ineffective and often toxic. One that breaks from the pack, however, is the Seresto Flea and Tick Collar Adverse reactions seem to be relatively rare. However, since this flea collar uses the same active ingredient as Advantage, if your pet has had a reaction to Advantage, or has otherwise not done well with the product, Seresto also won’t be a good choice.
Some complaints are seen about the cost, a concern that Kearns echoes as well, especially for those with multiple pets, but keep in mind that a single collar is the equivalent of eight monthly doses of Advantage. Versions are available for both dogs and cats.