Although the eye bags may also have their origin in the genetic inheritance that we receive from our parents, the truth is that the most common causes that cause them are usually retention of liquids in the area or an accumulation of fat in the zone.
Today, there are various aesthetic treatments that help to combat this problem, although, if you prefer not to resort to surgery, eye creams are still one of the least invasive alternatives to end this anti-aesthetic problem. On the other hand, avoiding the consumption of substances such as alcohol or tobacco and sleeping properly will also be essential when it comes to preventing eye bags.
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What are the causes of puffy eyes and dark circles?
Normal inflammation around the eyes is due to the excessive accumulation of fluids, which is known as edema in the surrounding tissue of the eyeball. Since the skin around the eyes is the thinnest skin in the body, swelling and discoloration can be quite noticeable.
And why does fluid accumulate and swell eyes?
Generally, swollen eyes are the result of several factors, including:
- Excessive salt intake, which causes fluid retention
- Allergies that can cause inflammation and swelling
- Sinus problems
- Fatigue and lack of sleep
- Inherited facial features
While the last answer maybe not very pleasant, it is true that many people have swollen eyes because this trait is hereditary. With aging, the swelling of the eye may be due in part to the fact that fatty tissue, which normally protects the eyes inside the bone orbit, begins to be pushed forward and fills the spaces under the eye.
Many times, the membrane or septum retains fat in both the upper and lower eyelids. With the aging process this membrane becomes thinner, the fat is herniated and pushed forward; This is when the bags or bulges begin to form under the eye.
Why sometimes when you wake up in the morning the eyes are more swollen?
While we sleep we do not blink and, in part, it is the reason why the eye swells. The blink is in the eyes what walking is in the legs. When inactive, some people get their lower limbs swollen and this swelling goes away as soon as they start walking and the leg muscles begin to drain trapped fluids (edema) when they are released back into the circulation.
A similar action takes place in the eyes. Eyes closed and not blinking during the sleep period may swell, especially in those prone to this problem. So in the morning, when you wake up, you might have unusually swollen eyes, but as soon as you open your eyes and start blinking, some of this swelling will decrease in about an hour.
When do swollen eyes are considered a medical condition?
Sometimes swollen eyelids indicate an underlying medical condition, especially when the swelling occurs unexpectedly. For example, some people with thyroid eye disease develop inflammation of the tissues and muscles around the eyes. In addition, bulging eyes may be a sign of a thyroid disease known as Graves disease.
Eye allergies related to conditions such as hay fever can also cause inflammation in the eyes. Other types of allergies, such as reactions to certain foods or chemicals also cause inflammation of the eyelids.
During an allergic reaction, certain cells in the body release a chemical called histamine that has many adverse effects on body tissues, including fluid leaking from the blood vessels. These liquids get trapped in the surrounding tissues and cause edema.
When you have an eye infection such as conjunctivitis, the eyelids may swell and dark circles appear. In this case, swelling of the eyelids is caused by an eye infection that directly affects the surroundings of the eyelids. Dry eye syndrome can also cause swelling and widespread inflammation. Systemic diseases, such as kidney failure, also lead to widespread swelling of the entire body, including around the eyes.
What can be done to avoid puffy eyes and dark circles?
To find the best solution for puffy eyes and dark circles it is important to identify the underlying cause. If you have the same swollen eyes of one of your parents, you probably inherited that trait. In this case, you will have to get used to living with that appearance or consider aesthetic options that could help you reduce swelling.
Swollen eyes due to the aging process will probably also require an aesthetic solution. Some of the options available to address your eyelid concerns should be discussed with the vision specialist or cosmetic surgeon.
There are temporary remedies that can help reduce the appearance of swelling around the eyes, including:
- Use eye drops for irritation caused by allergies
- Drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration
- Apply ice packs when eyelids are swollen
- Apply cucumber slices or cold tea bags over closed eyes
- Use creams and other skin products specially formulated to apply around the eyes
- Reduce salt intake in the diet
- Eat foods rich in potassium, such as bananas, and thus eliminate excess fluids from the body
- Spray cold water on the face and eyes
- Get enough sleep and rest
As mentioned earlier, one of the most common home remedies is the temporary use of anti hemorrhoidal creams and ointments to reduce swelling in the eyes. A common active ingredient in these preparations is phenylephrine, a medicine that constricts blood vessels and reduces their diameter.
These creams can have a double effect on swollen eyes. First, if dark circles have been caused by a visible network of blood vessels under the thin skin of the eyelid, then making smaller blood vessels could reduce dark circles.